Carbon emissions forecast to hit record levels this year
06 December, 2018, 10:40 | Author: Emilio Conner
In a report requested by United Nations climate summit leaders, the WHO outlines the economic benefits of improved health are more than double the costs of cutting emissions, and even higher in India and China, which are plagued by toxic air. "The peak in global Carbon dioxide emissions is not yet in sight", the report said.
The World Meteorological Organization said last week that 2018 was "on course to be the fourth warmest year on record" and pointed out that the 20 warmest years on record have all occurred within the past 22 years. "After low growth during 2014 to 2016, fossil Carbon dioxide emissions have now risen two years in a row, with a 1.6 per cent rise in 2017 and a projected 2.7 per cent (range 1.8 per cent to 3.7 per cent) rise expected in 2018, reaching a record high of 37.1 (plus or minus 2) billion tonnes of Carbon dioxide".
CO2 emissions have now risen for a second year, the study's authors say, after three years of little to no growth from 2014 to 2016. "Every year that we delay serious climate action, the Paris goals become more hard to meet".
Lead researcher Professor Corinne Le Quere, from the University of East Anglia, said: "We are seeing a strong growth of global carbon dioxide emissions once again".
But it said the USA "reiterates its decision to withdraw" from the landmark accord. Most of that growth can be traced to an exceptionally hot summer and cold winter.
The rise in 2017 was 1.6%.
Average global temperatures were 1 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels and projected to reach 1.5C within two decades at current rates of warming.
Use of coal - the biggest carbon emitter - is rising. There was a decrease from the European Union, but only by 0.7 percent.
A study released to coincide with the event warned that progress in adopting the pledges, which include Western nations transferring $100bn of their taxpayers" cash a year to poorer countries by 2020, was threatened by U.S. President Donald Trump and the "America First' approach which saw the president announce the country's withdrawal from the agreement in June.
"CO2 emissions are responsible for most of the climate change that has occurred and will occur".
- India's emissions have grown about 6.3 per cent, with coal, oil and gas all seeing an increase as the economy grows, although wind and solar are also on the rise.
The two-week conference, in Poland's southern coal mining region of Silesia, is expected to work out how governments can report on their efforts to reduce green gas emission and keep global warming within the Paris accord limit.
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